- Intellectual or Artistic Interest
- Speech Problems
- Delayed Motor Development
- Poor Social Skills
- The Development of Harmful Psychological Problems
Asperger’s Syndrome is one of the disorders that is generally considered high functioning on the Autism spectrum. Individuals with Asperger’s Syndrome, known as Aspergians, suffer from a number of impairments, namely social, but also can have challenges with motor skills. For example, Aspergians have difficulty with communication in a variety of ways. They may have self-imposed rules or patterns that are usually very restrictive.
Intellectual or Artistic Interest
Many of the diagnosed Aspergians will have at least one particular field of intellectual or artistic interest and talent. Asperigans show a great skill in their area of interest at an early age and proceed to effectively excel at it later in life. Wolfgang A. Mozart is a great example of a historical figure with Asperger’s-like characteristics. Mozart was extremely skilled at composing music; he was known to compose as a young child and continued doing so late into life. Aspergians may thrive in fields such as photography, webpage design, accounting, engineering or data entry.
Speaking differences such as lack of verbal rhythm, monotone pitch and a peculiar inflection on certain words impact most Aspergian children. Adult Aspergians have the same characteristics since many do not outgrow it. They are often unable to control their voice’s volume according to their surroundings. It is not uncommon to hear Asperigans speak loudly in quiet places such as a place of worship or a library.
Delayed Motor Development
Some children with Asperger’s Syndrome have delayed development with fine and gross motor skills. Children with delayed fine motor skills may struggle to hold a pencil correctly or when grasping objects with their fingers. Delayed gross motor skills may include inability to throw a ball overhand or swing on monkey bars even after repeated demonstration. This characteristic varies widely and can been seen in both the mild and more severe cases.
Poor Social Skills
Because of their limited fields of interest and a low emotional ability, Asperigans feel isolated through most of their childhood and into adulthood. Aspergians do try to make friends, but they are often either temporarily successful or completely unsuccessful due to their lack of social skills. In the end, they sometimes display a lack of interest or even curiosity for the discussions, thoughts and opinions of the people they temporarily befriend.
The Development of Harmful Psychological Problems
The potential for development of harmful psychological disorders typically occurs during puberty or immediately thereafter. The most common disorders are anxiety and depression. Unfortunately, young Aspergians have a high rate of suicide that may be directly related to anxiety and depression. The only other demographics with a higher suicide rate for teenagers is transgender and homosexual individuals.
The characteristics above are traits children and adults with Asperger’s are challenged by through their entire lifespan.